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From the first release in 2008 to date Android has transformed visually, conceptually, and functionality over time. Over time different android versions were released.
Android Version 1.0
Android has officially made its first debut in back 2008 with version 1.0, which includes a suite of Google applications; like Google Map, Calendar, Google, Youtube, and all of them were integrated into an operating system.
In early 2009, Cupcake 1.5 was released. It includes several refinements to the Android interface, including an on-screen keyboard that has moved phones from manual keyboards to touch screens.
Android Version 1.6-Donut
At the end of 2009, Donut 1.6 was released; it filled the utmost holes in previous versions, including the ability for the OS to operate a variety of different sizes and resolutions. It also supports CDMA networks.
Android Version 2.0 & 2.1-Eclair
After a couple of months later, Eclair 2.0 or the 2.1 release, was the first Android release to enter the mainstream of consciousness. The most transformative addition in Eclair was the voice-guided turn-by-turn navigation system and real-time traffic information. Live wallpapers and speech-to-text function was launched in Eclair.
Android Version 2.2-Froyo
Four months after Android 2.1 arrived, Google released Android 2.2, Froyo, which revolved around substantial scale improvements. It includes the addition of a dock at the bottom of the screen, as well as searching for a task by tapping an icon and speaking a command.
Android version 2.3-Gingerbread
The first visual identity started coming into release in back 2010 with 2.3, Gingerbread. Bright Green had been the colour of Android for a long time, and with Gingerbread, it became an integral part of the operating system’s appearance.
Android Version 3.0-Honeycomb
2011’s Honeycomb period with version 3.0 came into the world with a tablet-only release with the fastest up-gradation of 3.1 and 3.2. Honeycomb introduced a dramatically reimagined UI for Android. Whether this interface didn’t last long. The on-screen button was used for main navigation commands first. Card-form design was also introduced by Honeycomb to check the recent apps list.
Android Version 4.0-Icecream Sandwich
After moving from old to new, the 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich, was also released in 2011 after Honeycomb. It served as a platform that officially enters an era of modern times. It redefined the visual concepts.
Android Version 4.1 & 4.3-Jellybean
Version 4.1 and 4.3, Jellybean, released in 2012 and 2013 which added plenty of grace and polish into the operating system and went a long way in making Android more inviting for the average user. It brought about the new taste of Google now, as well as a boost system for placing widgets on your lock screen too.
Android Version 4.4-KitKat
Late in 2013, Android version 4.4, KitKat released due to which Gingerbread and Honeycomb finally made their way out of the operating system. “OK, Google” support was seen, but in KitKat, it only worked when your screen was already on, or you were either at your home screen or inside the Google app.
Android Version 5.0-Lollipop
Android 5.0, the Lollipop release in the fall of 2014, launched the still present today Modern Design standard, which brought a whole new look that extends across all of Android, its applications, and even other Google products too. The card-based concept was invented, in which recently used apps appeared on your screen in this form.
Android Version 6.0-Marshmallow
Version 6.0, Marshmallow, was an impartial, minor release in 2015. After that, Google launched a new version every year. The most attention-grabbing element of Marshmallow was a screen search feature called Now On Tap.
Android Versions 7.0 & 7.1-Nougat
Android Nougat, Version 7.0, and 7.1 released in 2016 provided Android with a native split-screen mode, a system for organizing notifications, and the Data Saver feature. Nougat added some significant features on a smaller level, like a shortcut for snapping between apps.
Android Versions 8.0 & 8.1-Oreo
Android Oreo, Version 8.0, and 8.1 released in 2017, including notification snoozing options and notification channels that offer fine control over how apps can alert you.
Android Pie, a.k.a. Version 9, came into existence in August 2018, with the most transformative change, which traded Android’s traditional Back, Home, and Overviews keys for a large Home button and small Back button that appeared alongside it as needed. It also handles the WiFi hotspot in the smarter way possible.
Android Version 10
Android Version 10; was released in September 2019, with the most noticeable software that brings about a reimagined interface for Android gestures. Some other improvements include an updated permission system that gives the user more control over exactly how and when applications can access location data and device identifiers. It had a system-wide dark theme.
Android Version 11
Android 11, launched at the start of September 2020, whose most significant changes revolve around privacy. It builds up the expanded permission system that was released in Version 10 to access grants to the applications. It also disables the applications which were not in use for a couple of months.
Which Android version is best?
So, if we compare the android versions on the basis of APIs and Security system fixes, Version 11 will be the best for Android phones, as it also launched with some significant features that will help users a lot while using an Android phone.